Deep dental cleaning, also known as root scraping and smoothing, is a special technique used to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria found below the gum line to the roots of the teeth. This helps to prevent gum disease from progressing and causing tooth loss. It is used to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Deep cleanings for gingivitis are usually done in a single appointment with the dentist, while deep cleanings for periodontitis may require multiple appointments and local anesthesia, depending on the severity. The process of deep cleaning involves two main steps.
First, plaque and tartar are scraped from the surface of the teeth and from the gum pockets below the gum line. This kills bacteria and reduces gum inflammation. Then, root smoothing is done to smooth the roots of the teeth, helping the gums to reattach to the teeth and remove gum pockets. Deep dental cleaning is different from a regular scale or scale and polisher, which only removes plaque that is above the gum line. It is commonly used for people who have good overall dental health and who simply maintain this health.
It is also used for people who have postponed visiting the dentist or dental cleanings for a while and have a significant buildup of plaque and tartar. Periodontal cleanings are performed more frequently than preventive cleanings and are generally continued until symptoms have been properly managed. Prophylactic cleanings remove plaque and tartar from the front, back and side of the teeth with a dental scraper or a stream of water. Dental exams will allow your general dentist to assess the health of your teeth and gums, while professional dental cleanings will remove excess plaque and tartar. Root smoothing is the second part of the deep dental cleaning process and involves smoothing and cleaning the roots of the teeth. Deep dental cleaning is relatively low-risk when performed by an experienced dentist or dental hygienist.
It is especially important for preventing tooth decay, preventing 26%, treating gum disease, and removing plaque and tartar from teeth. Dental cleanings are recommended at least twice a year to keep teeth and gums healthy, however, high-risk patients may need them every 3 or 4 months. Gingivitis can generally be treated without deep cleaning, but periodontitis and advanced periodontitis will require deep dental cleaning.