Deep teeth cleaning is a procedure that goes beyond regular dental cleaning. It is performed below the gum line to clean hard-to-reach areas, such as the roots and pockets at the base of the tooth. Tartar can build up around the outside and roots of the teeth, and if left uncontrolled, it can cause serious bacterial infections. A deep dental cleaning or a deep dental cleaning procedure consists of two parts: gum or periodontal scraping and root smoothing.
Dentists and periodontists (specialists in gum disease) offer these treatments for gum disease. The procedure is usually performed by a dental hygienist. Tooth scraping and root smoothing are done during the same visit to the dentist, and you'll usually need more than one appointment to have all of your teeth treated. This deep dental cleaning is done below the gumline to completely remove tartar from each of the teeth, including the roots.
Root smoothing is the second part of the deep dental cleaning process and involves smoothing and cleaning the roots of the teeth. Plaque that is not removed with a brush hardens and turns into tartar, which can only be eradicated with professional dental cleaning. Deep teeth cleaning is a relatively low-risk procedure, especially when performed by an experienced dentist or dental hygienist. However, it is important to note that a deep tooth cleaning is actually a procedure performed by a dentist or dental hygienist, not something you do yourself.
A deep cleaning is also recommended if more than six months have passed since your last consultation with a dental hygienist.